Want to keep your vision sharp and eyes healthy? Don’t wait for headaches and blurred vision to push you to an eye doctor; have your eyes checked every year. Some eye diseases are asymptomatic and the only way they will be discovered is through a regular eye exam. Early detection offers bigger chances of being successfully treated.
The Eye Exam
At Athens Eye Care, the eye exam is a comprehensive series of diagnostic tests to check the quality of your vision and determine the presence of any eye diseases. We use various instruments and methods to assess your vision, eye focus and eye health.
- External exam. We inspect the external eye structures, conjunctiva and sclera. You will be asked to look up while the doctor is retracting the upper or lower eye lid and passing a beam of light.
- Pupil Function. Your pupils are inspected to see if they are equal and round, and checked to see if they are reactive to light by passing a ray of light over your eyes. Your pupils should constrict when exposed to light.
- Visual Acuity. Your eyes are like cameras: they have the ability to focus on an image at a given distance. That ability is called visual acuity, which is tested by having you read letters from a Snellen chart. The normal result for this test is 20/20 vision. This means that you can see the letter 20 feet away, and the letter can normally be seen at 20 feet.
- Visual Field. In this test, we may use a testing screen or the manual method fingers to determine the sharpness of your peripheral vision.
- Refraction. In the refraction assessment, you will look through a mask-like device. The wheels are adjusted until we determine the combination of lens strength gives you the sharpest vision.
- 3D View of the Eye. We use a slit lamp to spot any abnormalities of the front or back of the eye. You may be requested to fit your head on the equipment. A small beam of light will be passed over your eye.
- Ocular Motility. This test is conducted if you are experiencing double vision or any signs of neurological disease. We will inspect your eyes for deviation. Then, you will be asked to follow with both eyes an identified target as it moves.
- Intraocular Pressure. To determine the presence or your risk to glaucoma, this test is done using tonometry devices.
Eye Exams in Every Stage of Life
Ever wonder why your child exhibits poor grades and bad behavior? Aside from learning disabilities, consider undetected visual problems. Have your child’s eyes checked by at six months or earlier if you notice signs of any eye problems. Between ages 3 to 6 years old or before entering first grade, a comprehensive eye exam is advised to ensure that there is no vision impairment that will hinder learning.
Young adults, those aged 18 to 39 years old, who have sharp vision and no family history of eye disease can have an eye exam every 2 to 3 years. However, if you wear contact lenses, glasses or have chronic diseases such as diabetes, a yearly eye exam is suggested.
At age 40, it is advised to have your eyes checked yearly, especially if you have a family history of any eye diseases. This age reflects the time when most symptoms of eye diseases occur.
Because of the natural process of aging, the possibility of eye diseases to adults 60 years old and older increases. Eye exams at this stage are highly recommended to check for cataracts, degeneration of macula and glaucoma.
The gift of sight should not be taken for granted. You can prevent many eye diseases and correct vision problems by getting your eyes regularly checked.